We find different types of warts, according to size and shape. Today we are going to talk about flat warts, which are those reddish-brown or flesh-colored, with a flat surface, and which usually measures 2 to 5 mm in diameter. Flat warts can affect anyone of any age or gender, and the main cause is infection with the HPV virus, which is contagious from one person to another.
Flat warts can appear on different parts of the body, being more frequent on the face, neck, or hands. To know if we are really dealing with a wart of this type, we need a diagnosis from the doctor, who usually refers us to the dermatologist, to examine them. They are usually pinkish bumps, somewhat small, and usually appear in clusters. The majority of people who have these warts, although it can affect people of all ages, are adolescents, more likely to be infected by the human papillomavirus.
It should be noted that, in general, these warts are not usually dangerous to health, but they itch or hurt, being somewhat annoying, and they are also seen so that others can easily notice them being somewhat unsightly.
In many cases, warts usually disappear without any treatment. But many other times they need a treatment that will be different, according to each wart. The dermatologist will apply the necessary treatment, which usually depends on the location of the lesion, its duration, the type, the age of the patient, and his tolerance to the treatment. Normally, if warts do not fall on their own, they can also fall off or are always removed from the hands of the specialist. Treatment may include medications, the technique of cryotherapy or freezing with liquid nitrogen, electrocoagulation, laser therapy, etc.
In particular, flat warts can be treated with tretinoin, to which an irritant of 5% benzoyl peroxide or 5% salicylic acid can be added.
Treatment of flat warts
Currently, there are a series of treatments that help combat flat warts, disappearing in many cases. However, it must be borne in mind that many go away on their own without the need for treatment. In any case, if they are present, it is best to go to the dermatologist to receive a proper diagnosis. The dermatologist can provide advice on a number of innovative remedies, medications, and therapies to combat this problem. Also, in the case of flat warts that occur on the face, it will help to choose a less aggressive option to avoid scarring.
Cryotherapy: Cryotherapy uses liquid nitrogen to freeze the wart. It is one of the therapeutic options that stand out for its speed, although its application involves some discomfort. To remove the entire wart, treatment may be necessary every 1 or 3 weeks, for 2 or 4 times.
Sometimes it does not work well and forces the dermatologist to recommend other types of treatments. Also, some patients experience pain and are left with scars.
Salicylic acid: The salicylic acid concentrations ranging between 10% and 20% have shown positive effects in the treatment of flat warts. In fact, it is one of the first-line therapies to deal with this aesthetic problem. However, it must be applied every day, for several weeks, to obtain results.
Pulsed dye laser: This treatment stands out because it is faster. However, it lacks evidence of efficacy, is painful, and can cause scarring. Also, it is much more expensive than other options.
Electrocoagulation: These types of procedures are more aggressive than the previous ones. In fact, it requires the use of anesthesia and requires postoperative care. While it can be effective in wart removal, it can leave a scar.
Cantharidin: Cantharidin (Lytta vesicatoria) is a chemical compound obtained from a beetle. Applied topically it has the ability to generate blisters, without giving rise to the formation of residual scars. By this action, it is often used to make warts disappear.
In most cases, the person does not experience any pain when the product is applied. Once applied, it is removed in a period of 3 to 8 hours and the doctor covers the wart with a bandage. This bandage is removed after 24 hours. The treatment has a 70% response to the 2 applications.
A word from Life Align Wellness
The popular home remedies have represented a flat wart treatment option for many. However, to date, there is no evidence to demonstrate its safety and efficacy. In fact, some can be aggressive, causing skin burns.
Therefore, before using any of these options, it is important to find out if it causes side effects. If possible, ask your doctor. Do you have any doubts? Seek care with your dermatologist and discover more treatment options.
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