Plantar warts are small bumps that usually appear on the heels or weight-bearing joints of the foot. This pressure can also cause plantar warts to grow inward, under a thick, hard layer of skin (callus).
Plantar warts are caused by human papillomavirus. The virus enters the body through small cuts, cracks, or other weak spots on the bottom of the foot.
Most plantar warts are not serious health problems and generally go away without treatment over time. You may want to try self-care treatments or see your doctor have your warts removed.
There are two types of plantar warts:
A solitary wart is a single wart. It frequently increments in measure and can in the end increase, framing extra “satellite” warts. A mosaic wart is a gathering of a few little warts that develop near one another in one territory. Mosaic warts are harder to treat than the lone wart.
what causes plantar warts
Plantar warts are brought about by a human papillomavirus (HPV) disease on the external layer of skin on the bottoms of the feet. They show up when the infection enters the body through little cuts, splits, or other shaky areas on the base of the foot. HPV is normal, and there are in excess of 100 variations of the infection. However, just some of them cause moles on the feet. Different sorts of HPV may cause moles on different pieces of the skin or on the mucous membranes.
Each person’s immune system responds differently to HPV. Not everyone who comes in contact with the virus gets warts. Even people in the same family react differently to the virus.
The strains of HPV that cause plantar warts are not exceptionally infectious. Consequently, the infection isn’t effectively sent by direct contact starting with one individual then onto the next. Despite the fact that it multiplies in moist and warm conditions. Subsequently, you can get the infection by strolling shoeless around a pool or in storage spaces. In the event that the infection spreads from the main site of contamination, more warts may show up.
The signs and symptoms of a plantar wart are:
- Pain and tenderness when you walk or stand
- Agony and delicacy realize when you walk
- An injury that disturbs the ordinary lines and furrows of the skin of the foot
- Little dark dots, ordinarily called “wart seeds,” but little thickened veins
- A little, grainy, rough skin lump on the bottom of the foot, for the most part at the base of the toes, the front of the foot, or the heel
Hard, thickened skin over an all-around characterized skin ‘territory’ where the wart has become internal
How to Get Rid of a Plantar Wart
Most plantar warts are harmless and go away without treatment, although this can take a year or two. If your warts are causing pain or spreading, you may want to treat them with over-the-counter (non-prescription) medications or home remedies. You may need to repeat the treatment several times until warts disappear; furthermore, they may reappear.
Scotch tape: Using duct tape to remove warts is harmless, but it is an unproven approach. To test it, cover the wart with silver duct tape and change it every few days. Between applications, soak the wart and carefully remove dead tissue with a pumice stone or file. Then, leave the wart outside to dry for a few hours before covering it again with tape.
Laser treatment: Pulsed dye laser treatment burns (cauterizes) the small closed blood vessels. Over time, the infected tissue dies and the wart falls off. This method requires that the treatment be repeated every three to four weeks. The evidence for the efficacy of this method is limited, and it can cause pain and possibly scarring.
Minor surgery: The doctor cuts the wart or destroys it using an electric needle (electrodesiccation and curettage). Since this procedure can be painful, the doctor will first numb the skin. Since surgery carries the risk of scarring, this method is not typically used to treat plantar warts unless other treatments have not been effective.
Exfoliating medicine (salicylic acid): Over-the-counter wart removal products are available in patches or liquids. Generally, the instructions say to wash the application site, soak it in warm water, and carefully remove the top layer of soft skin with a pumice stone or file. Then, once the skin has dried, you should apply the solution or a patch. The patches are usually changed every 24 to 48 hours. Liquid applications are usually applied once a day. You may need to repeat the applications on a regular basis for several weeks or months to see results.
Other acids: The doctor shaves the surface of the wart and applies trichloroacetic acid with a wooden toothpick. You will have to return to the office to repeat the treatment approximately every week. Side effects are stinging and burning. Between visits, your doctor may ask you to apply salicylic acid to the wart.
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