What are tonsilloliths?: Causes, symptoms, and treatment

The tonsils are part of our immune system. They both filter out micro-organisms, bacteria or viruses, and other harmful germs. When any of these bacteria try to attack the body through the mouth or nose, the tonsils absorb them to prevent them from entering. In some cases, contact with germs can infect the tonsils and irritate the patient’s tonsils, which is medically called tonsillitis.

Tonsillitis should not be confused with tonsillitis, which is medically called tonsillitis (although many people mistakenly call it tonsillitis) and the infection is called tonsillitis.

Tonsolithith or tonsil stones are caused by a mixture of calcium salts or other minerals that get trapped in the crypt (or crater) of the palatine tonsils. These calcium salts are called cassam, which is a white, beige, or yellow pastry mass. Cryptos look like pockets on the surface of the tonsils, something called a cryptic tonsil or tonsil crypt.
There are many factors that can help a person to develop tonsillitis, and understanding the causes can help prevent and treat this condition. Tonsil stones can affect anyone, usually appearing as white spots, beige or yellow on the surface of the tonsils, usually causing no physical harm but sometimes the symptoms are very irritation to the patient.

Tonsilloliths: Causes of appearance

  • Mucus
  • Oral bacteria
  • Dead leukocytes (white blood cells).
  • Smoking without filters.
  • Hyperfunction of the salivary glands.
  • It is important to brush your teeth well and clean your tongue after every meal.
  • Avoiding enzyme activity in intact food can cause bacterial layers around food particles that then get trapped in the palatine tonsil or tonsil crypt.


  • A person suffering from tonsil stones may experience one or more of the following symptoms:
  • Bad breath, or halitosis, is the first sign of tonsillitis.
  • Difficulty swallowing, a symptom that is often experienced if a patient suffers from the formation of stones in the tonsils.
  • A solid mass of white matter called cassam that forms in the back of the throat.
  • The sensation that something is stuck in the throat.
  • In some cases, earache is experienced.
  • Sore throat and discomfort, especially in the area where the tonsils are infected, is another common symptom.
  • Inflammation of the tonsils caused by an infection caused by tonsil stones.


Treatment will depend on how big the tonsillitis is and how much they bother the patient. If the tonsil stones are asymptomatic, no special treatment may be needed.

Home remedies to cure tonsil stones

1. Gargle with saltwater

Baking with salt water can help. Boil water with two tablespoons of table salt, when the solution becomes light, gargle with it. Repeat this measure 3 times a day to reduce discomfort. This remedy is also effective in treating sore throat.

2. Gargle with apple cider vinegar

You can also gargle with apple cider vinegar. Due to its acidity, it will help in removing the stones in the tonsils. To do this, fill a glass with half water and half apple cider vinegar and gargle two to three times a day. It would be a good time to eat before brushing your teeth.

3. Chew garlic

Garlic is a natural antibacterial and a great way to fight the bacteria that cause tonsillitis. Although the taste is a bit strong, it is a great helper in preventing or eliminating the appearance of tonsillitis.

Chewing garlic several times a day is the most effective way, this way the treatment will be more effective. To prevent future incidents, it would be good if you take care of your health in addition to flavoring your food with raw garlic as part of your diet, with the help of salads, peppers, etc.

Medical treatment of tonsillitis

If you have a fever or have difficulty swallowing, you need to seek medical help. Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics and anti-inflammatory pills. This is usually a 10-day course of antibiotics to get rid of the infection. In most cases, if a person is unable to swallow food because they have tonsillitis and swollen tonsils, they may be hospitalized and given intravenous fluids.

Tonsil removal, surgical treatment

Surgery is performed when the patient is treated for tonsillitis without results for a long time, or if he shows too many symptoms. This is the most common occurrence of tonsillitis in patients with persistent tonsillitis. In these cases, a surgery known as tonsillectomy is used as a last resort, because removing the tonsils actually means removing a part of our immune system. This procedure provides permanent relief to the patient who has been suffering from chronic swollen tonsils and stones.

Prevention tips

For those who often suffer from tonsillitis, we recommend some preventative measures, such as:

  • Avoid foods that can cause sore throats. These are usually acidic, cold, fatty, or fried foods.
  • In addition, throat or nose infections should be treated as soon as possible to prevent angina from becoming infected.
  • Brushing the mouth well and the surface of the tongue can also reduce the chances of bacterial infections.
  • All of these measures also reduce the risk of stones appearing in the tonsils.

We have some treatment options for the prevention of tonsillitis. However, we recommend that you seek medical attention as soon as possible if you experience severe symptoms.

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